Correlations between Isometric Hamstrings-to-Quadriceps Torque Ratio and Jumping Performance

Poster Presentation
Paper ID : 1671-SSRC
2دانشیار، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی
3مدرس، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی
Background The application of the modified reactive strength index (RSImod) and isometric hamstrings to quadriceps (H:Q) torque ratio to monitoring the athletes' performance is well established, but their relationship to each other still remains unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this investigation was to clarify whether there is a relationship between RSImod and the isometric H:Q torque ratio.

Methods Twenty-one male recreational athletes (age, 24.89 ± 4.46 years; weight, 74.11 ± 8.66 kg; height, 179.78 ± 6.76 cm) volunteered to participate in this research. Their isometric H:Q torque ratio via hand-held dynamometer and jumping performance variables during the stop jump (STJ), double leg-drop vertical jump (DL-DVJ), and single leg-drop vertical jump (SL-DVJ) tasks were measured. Also, the RSImod was calculated by dividing the vertical jump height by the time to take-off. Pearson correlation coefficients were used to determine the relationship between the RSImod and jumping performance variables.
Results The result showed a significant strong positive relationship between the H:Q torque ratio and STJ performance based on the RSImod (p = .027, r = .724). Although, there was a moderate positive relationship between the H:Q torque ratio and jumping height of the STJ task, but it wasn't statistically significant (p = .096, r = .588). Also, no significant relationship was found between the H:Q torque ratio and all jumping performance variables of the DL-DVJ and SL-DVJ tasks (p ≥ .05).

Conclusion The current study exhibited that the isometric H:Q torque ratio correlates to STJ performance based on RSImod but not to SL-DVJ and DL-DVJ. Notably, the difference in results between jumping tasks can be attributed to the complexity of the movement, which means that the RSImod is probably related to other factors. Therefore, the isometric H:Q torque ratio used to monitor the athletes' performance couldn't independently represent the jumping performance that is determined by RSImod